Cholera prevention

Cholera outbreaks can be prevented by making sure that communities have access to safe water and good sanitation.

  • Toilets should be a safe distance (20 – 30 meters) from water sources.
  • Reduce your risk by avoiding defecating in or near water. Dirty nappies should be placed in plastic bags before they are thrown away.
  • Regularly wash your hands with soap.
  • Stay informed about the sources of contamination and take steps to avoid them.
  • Use safe water. If you are concerned about the quality of water you use for drinking and cooking, treat the water first by boiling it (for at least 3 minutes) or treating it with household bleach (add 1 capful of water guard– to 20 litres of water, mix well and leave to stand for at least 30 minutes before use). Water should be stored covered in clean containers.

Because contaminated food may also be a source of cholera infection, fruit and vegetables bought from street vendors should be washed with clean water before eating.


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